AskDefine | Define fumitory

Dictionary Definition

fumitory n : delicate European herb with grayish leaves and spikes of purplish flowers; formerly used medicinally [syn: fumewort, fumeroot, Fumaria officinalis]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. a genus of annual herbaceous flowering plants in the family Fumariaceae, native to temperate Europe and Asia.

Scientific names

Translations

  • French: fumeterre
  • German: Erdrauch
  • Polish: dymnica

Extensive Definition

Fumaria is a genus of about fifty annual herbaceous flowering plants in the family Fumariaceae, native to temperate Europe and Asia, though some species are weedy or adventive in North and South America, Australia, etc. It is closely allied to Corydalis (from which it differs chiefly in having single-seeded fruits), and some botanists combine the two genera. The common name is fumitory.
Fumitory is an important food plant for the Turtle Dove.

Gallery

References:
Lidén, Magnus. 1986. Synopsis of Fumarioideae (Papaveraceae) with a monograph of the tribe Fumarieae. Opera Botanica 88, Copenhagen, Denmark
fumitory in Danish: Jordrøg
fumitory in German: Erdrauch
fumitory in Spanish: Fumaria
fumitory in Esperanto: Fumario
fumitory in French: Fumeterre
fumitory in Dutch: Duivenkervel
fumitory in Polish: Dymnica
fumitory in Portuguese: Fumaria
fumitory in Ukrainian: Рутка
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